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TNK-BP is a major vertically integrated Russian oil company headquartered in Moscow. It is Russia's third-largest oil producer and among the ten largest private oil companies in the world. TNK-BP is Russia's third largest oil company in terms of reserves and crude oil production. It is 50% owned by BP and 50% by a group of Russian businessmen, represented by the AAR (Alfa-Access-Renova) consortium.
Since the merger in 2003 between BP's and AAR's assets in Russia and Ukraine, TNK-BP has expanded through acquisitions such as that of Slavneft and organically through improving operational efficiency. In that time, over a backdrop of shareholder dispute, TNK-BP's profits have risen from US$2.7 billion in 2003 to $5.3 billion in 2009.
DeGolyer and MacNaughton confirmed that as of 31 December 2009 TNK-BP's total proved reserves amounted to 11.667 billion barrels (1.8549×109 m3) of oil equivalent, applying PRMS (formerly SPE) criteria. Proved reserves constitute a total proved PRMS reserve replacement ratio of 329%.
On 1 September 2003, BP and AAR announced the creation of a strategic partnership to jointly hold their oil assets in Russia and Ukraine. As a result, TNK-?? was created. ??R contributed its holdings in TNK International, ONAKO, SIDANCO, RUSIA Petroleum (which held licenses for the Kovykta field and the Verkhnechonsk field), and the Rospan field in West Siberia (the New Urengoy and East Urengoy deposits). BP contributed its holding in SIDANCO, RUSIA Petroleum, and its BP Moscow retail network.
In January 2004, BP and AAR reached an agreement to incorporate AAR's 50% stake in Slavneft into TNK-BP. Slavneft, which has operations in Russia and Belarus, was previously owned jointly by AAR and Sibneft (now Gazprom Neft).